Young Adults And IP Telephony Homework
Below attached are two papers.from those papers,make methodology paper like 8 pages APA .
The Methodology paper is a research paper about your selected research method and process. This paper must include the reasons and justification for approach, a minimum of five (5) peer-reviewed references, and follow the section outline below.
Describe and define the anticipated research approach or strategy to be used and how this approach is appropriate for this research
Describe the anticipated sample population (number, gender, age, socio-economics, etc.) including how you will obtain permission and consent
Describe any instruments you anticipate using to collect data
Provide the detail about how you anticipate conducting the research
Data Processing and Analysis
Explain, in detail, how you anticipate processing and analyzing collected data
SummaryRunning head-IP AND PNST TELEPHONY 1
Young adults and IP Telephony
Internet and the Internet Protocol(IP) which are based on the networks is now increasingly used as an alternative to traditional telephone services; circuit-switched telephone services (Wit, & Meyer,2010). To a varying degree, the IP Telephony provides alternatives ways of transmitting, originating as well as transmissions which are in most cases done by Public Switched telephone network (PSTN). Today, and in many nations, it’s possible for an individual, by use of standard telephones, to make calls to other phones in the world with the help of IP telephony, for almost all the routes of calls made (Zittrain, 2008). It is important to note that such calls are usually made outside the PSTN and thus financial and regulatory growing around it. IP Telephony now presents fully-fledged alternatives to the ancient circuit-switched equipment and telecommunication (Castells, 2009). For these reasons, there is the construction of a vast worldwide network which is IP based, where the voice services will be transmitted alongside the data. In IP-Telephony, data carriage is optimised as opposed to voice and thus their voice carriage is done in a manner that is cheap and competent.
Since its development in the 1970s, IP Telephony has caused a shift in the world telecommunication industry as a whole. It has come with a wider range of services hence its vast growth Organisation for (Economic Co-operation and Development, 1998). The service is popular with the younger generation because of what it offers. It offers cheapest voice calls which are not monitored by PSTN. It has the capacity of providing a high efficiency at a low cost of communication to the users and consumers. With forward movement of the IP Telephony, most facilitate to the IP Telephony services use because it’s cheap and reliable.
How IP telephony works
Why IP Telephony is enticing to young adults
Low cost: It’s an obvious fact that most of the young adults are not self-reliant. They depended on parent or guardians to provide for them. Most of them are either studying or looking for employment. In such environment, they need to communicate and at an affordable and efficient way. Some are based abroad and find themselves lonely. They, therefore, need to keep in touch with their friends and families. In such case, Telephony is appealing given that it’s efficient and that it’s a low-cost technology as compared to PSTN (King, 2010). This technology is enticing to the young adult’s generation since it’s a cheap and efficient way to communicate.
Also, that most young adults’ own gadgets such as phones, laptops, and tablets which are internet enabled. It only requires such people some few devices which makes the installation and use of these services cost friendly and thus very attractive.
Features and capabilities
Positioning this type of technology by price alone is not doing justice. IP Telephony comes with certain features that are appealing to young adults and youth in general (Li & Romdhani, 2017). Some of these are:
Integrate with the instant messaging: The messaging tool is popular today amongst the youth. The is because it provides the ability for one to instantly see who is online for a session. Apart from typing, one can also choose to communicate with persons on his/her buddy list (Rech & Ras, 2008). Nowadays, such features are free no matter how far people are apart. This is just but an amazing feature that young adults find appealing.
Open system architecture: The IP Telephony systems are designed in such a way that they can be manipulated by the users and that it can allow such users to create applications which most youths find interesting.
Service quality: Most of the youth desired quality services that enhances satisfactory. IP Telephony offers quality services that are satisfactory regarding usability, cost, and efficiency. IP Telephony voice and display is of much better quality as compared to PSTN.
Accessibility: With advancement in technology, the young generation is getting more access to the internet. They are own various gadgets such phones and laptops which they can use to access the internet. It is for this reason that they find it convenient to use this technology. Therefore, the convenience makes IP Telephony services more appealing as compared to PSTN.
Changes to PSTN to make it effective
Replace circuit-switching technology with packet switched technology
PSTN use the circuit-switched network and that the resources get dedicated to the circuit during the whole conversation. Also, the information gets to follow the same path (Bidgoli, 2003). As opposed to this, in the IP Telephony, messages are usually broken down into different packets each with a different destination and that such packets are later collected into one message. That way, packet switching is cheap and efficient. If this technology is applied in PSTN, it will make it cost effective and more efficient.
Collaborate with various Internet Telephony Service providers
With advancement in technology, most people use the internet and various gadgets to communicate with other people. For persons using the PSTN to communicate with such people, there has to be an intervention of the of the internet telephony service providers (ITSP) who will act as a gateway (Meggelen, Madsen & Smith, 2007). They handle all signalling of the PSTN telephone system and allows communication between such users. This shall improve PSTN in that they will be able to get in touch with those who use IP Telephony.
Improve signal quality
The PSTN relies on securing uninterrupted connection such that the two users will be sharing a direct relay with signals sharing lines. If interrupted, this results in a poor signal (Douskalis, 2000). To improve this, the system can be improved by bundling of multiple transmissions together to transmit multiple signals at a go. Doing so will increase the signal quality.
The future of IP telephony in colleges
The IP telephony was developed to replace traditional telephone infrastructure that was circuit-switched. This has had a very big impact on critical infrastructure sectors which are increasingly becoming on this service (Lucky &Eisenberg,2006). For the colleges, the IP technology could lead to an increased efficiency and also the service levels through IP telephony advanced application. The features such as integrated messaging could enable the lecturers and students to be more responsive to the timeline. The conferencing, as well as collaboration, will enable the college staff to be able to manage communications in a better way. The mobility solutions that come with the technology will allow cost-effective communication between campus security, principals, IT support and even students. This will result in enhancement of security, parental engagement, enhance communication within the campus and empower principals and also students.
IP Telephony is a type of technology that is growing rapidly. Given that IP Telephony curriculum is new to the IT education and due to the high cost of equipment’s that needed to set it, there are not so many colleges that provide IP Telephony courses (Shiflet, & Shiflet, 2006). To meet challenges that exist for this new technology as well as the need of the IT students, there are various things that need to be done to overcome the barriers. There is a need for the colleges to be supported both financially and professionally. This might include increase capacities, investing in infrastructure, licensing software and also training personnel.
Internet Telephony is a new technology that has been around for some time now in various forms. Despite this fact, it’s only in the recent times that this has become more reliable due to its efficiency, low cost, and quality.
Before it was the PSTN technology, which only allowed people to communicate within reach of wires. Because PSTN is characterized by the high cost of communication, poor quality services, and inefficiency not that accessible, the IP Telephony is much more appealing than PSTN. This is especially true for the young adults who need to communicate from time to time. Because the majority of the youth would prefer a type of communication that is efficient, cheap and effective, IP Telephony has become popular amongst them. Regarding the future of IP Telephony in colleges, the future is bright. At the same time, there is more to be done so as the curriculum and structures of these new technology could be put up in the colleges to meet the need of IT students. The technology could of great help to the colleges as its use could enhance communication between staff students and lecturers.
Bidgoli, H. (2003). The Internet Encyclopedia, Volume 3. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons.
Castells, M. (2009). The Rise of the Network Society, With a New Preface: The Information Age: Economy, Society, and Culture Volume I. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Douskalis, B. (2000). IP telephony: The integration of Robust VolP services. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR.
King, B. (2010). Bank 2.0: How customer behaviour and technology will change the future of financial services. Singapore: Marshall Cavendish Business.
Meggelen, J. V., Madsen, L., & Smith, J. (2007). Asterisk: The future of telephony. Sebastopol, CA: O’Reilly.
Li, S., Xu, L. D., & Romdhani, I. (2017). Securing the internet of things.
Lucky, R. W., Eisenberg, J., & National Research Council (U.S.). (2006). Renewing U.S. telecommunications research. Washington, D.C: National Academies Press.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. (1998). 21st Century Technologies: Promises and Perils of a Dynamic Future. Paris: OECD Publishing
Rech, J., Decker, B., & Ras, E. (2008). Emerging technologies for semantic work environments: Techniques, methods, and applications. Hershey: Information Science Referenc
Shiflet, A. B., & Shiflet, G. W. (2006). Introduction to computational science: Modeling and simulation for the sciences. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press.
Wit, B. ., & Meyer, R. (2010). Strategy: Process, content, context ; an international perspective. Andover, Hampshire: Cengage Learning.
Zittrain, J. (2008). The future of the Internet and how to stop it. New Haven [Conn.: Yale University Press.